How stem cells treat diabetes is definitely an ever continuing subject for medical research and displays great promise.
How stem cells treat diabetes is an ever constant topic for medical research and shows great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is presently performing clinical studies for a new surgery known as Islet Cell Transplantation.
The new process requires transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are classified as the cells from the pancreas that exude insulin. The method is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells are actually destroyed therefore no insulin is manufactured. These patients must be on insulin therapy for the rest of their lives. Considering that the cells are transplanted into the liver, the body right after the first transplant can give signs once the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics have no warning and often just blackout which is often dangerous when driving or performing other critical tasks diabetes mellitus.
Islet cell transplantation can not treat most cases of Type 2 diabetes but is actually a possible cure for the over 700,000 people in the United States that have Type 1 diabetes. But, currently there are not enough donors to serve with only around 3,500 donor organs available a year ago. Most patients currently need 2 transplantations to get absolutely off insulin therapy.
The solution to this problem is to produce islets in the lab utilizing stems cells. There is currently research occurring using dubious embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells taken from adults. But due to the ethical and also political debate regarding stem cells this route to a cure is going slowly. People who feel that life begins at conception highly battle embryonic stem cell research because the cells originate from human embryos which are destroyed during this process. Embryonic stem cells haven’t grown up into human cells and have the greatest possibility to become any sort of cells in the human body, including hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.
Competitors to this research believe that adult stem cells taken from adult bone marrow is the answer to this issue. But you will find studies which raise questions regarding the ability of these cells as remedies.
A recently available published study reported that an intestinal hormone brought on stem cells extracted from a pancreas to turn into islet cells that produce insulin – they are called beta cells, but there is debate over these studies and it has not had the opportunity to be duplicated.
Although the research using stem cells is in its baby stages many scientists believe that this study supports the most promise for fulfillment for diabetics to be able to stop taking insulin injection after their own bodies start generating the hormone by natural means symptoms of diabetes.
How stem cells treat diabetes is an ever continuing topic for medical research and displays great promise in the fight to find a cure for this serious disease.