How stem cells treat diabetes is surely an ever on-going subject for medical research and shows great promise.
How stem cells treat diabetes is an ever ongoing subject matter for medical research and indicates great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is now doing clinical trials for a new surgery known as Islet Cell Transplantation.
The new procedure involves transplanting islet cells coming from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are the cells from the pancreas that exude insulin. The method is for Type 1 diabetics in whose Beta islet cells have been destroyed and thus no insulin is produced. These patients must be on insulin therapy for the remainder of their lives. Since the cells are transplanted to the liver, the body following the first transplant can give warning signs once the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics have no warning and often just black out which may be dangerous when driving a car or carrying out other critical tasks diabetics.
Islet cell transplantation can’t treat most cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a possible cure for the over 700,000 people in the United States who may have Type 1 diabetes. But, at present there aren’t enough donors to serve with only about 3,500 donor organs readily available a year ago. Most patients presently need 2 transplantations to get absolutely off insulin therapy.
The solution to this problem is to produce islets in the lab making use of stems cells. There is at present research taking place using debatable embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells obtained from adults. But due to the ethical and political debate regarding stem cells this route to a cure is going slowly. People who feel that life starts at conception highly fight embryonic stem cell research as the cells originate from human embryos that are destroyed in the act. Embryonic stem cells haven’t grown up into human cells and have the greatest potential to become any kind of cells in the body, including hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.
Oppositions to this research believe that adult stem cells taken from adult bone marrow is the solution to this issue. But there are studies which raise questions regarding the ability of these cells as therapies.
A recently available published study reported that an intestinal hormone caused stem cells extracted from a pancreas to turn into islet cells that secrete insulin – these are called beta cells, but there’s debate over these studies and it has not been able to be duplicated.
Although the research making use of stem cells is in its infant stages lots of scientists believe that this research holds the most promise for fulfillment for diabetics to be able to quit taking insulin injection just after their own bodies start producing the hormone naturally diabetic.
How stem cells treat diabetes is usually an ever ongoing subject for medical research and shows great promise in the struggle to discover a cure for this serious disease.